Determining child custody in a divorce case can be complicated. The judge presiding over the case must carefully consider several factors before deciding what is best for the children.. Yet, the child custody arrangement is not necessarily set in stone.Life events may come up that require modification of the original child custody arrangement. A judge may then revisit the case and look at the circumstances surrounding the current situation. He or she may then decide if the arrangement should be changed.
The courts consider the following sixteen factors when determining the custody arrangement: (
1) Which party is more likely to encourage and permit frequent and continuing contact between the child and another party.
(2) The present and past abuse committed by a party or member of the party’s household, whether there is a continued risk of harm to the child or an abused party and which party can better provide adequate physical safeguards and supervision of the child.
(2.1) The information set forth in section 5329.1(a) (relating to consideration of child abuse and involvement with protective services).
(3) The parental duties performed by each party on behalf of the child.
(4) The need for stability and continuity in the child’s education, family life and community life.
(5) The availability of extended family.
(6) The child’s sibling relationships.
(7) The well-reasoned preference of the child, based on the child’s maturity and judgment.
(8) The attempts of a parent to turn the child against the other parent, except in cases of domestic violence where reasonable safety measures are necessary to protect the child from harm.
(9) Which party is more likely to maintain a loving, stable, consistent and nurturing relationship with the child adequate for the child’s emotional needs.
(10) Which party is more likely to attend to the daily physical, emotional, developmental, educational and special needs of the child.
(11) The proximity of the residences of the parties.
(12) Each party’s availability to care for the child or ability to make appropriate child-care arrangements.
(13) The level of conflict between the parties and the willingness and ability of the parties to cooperate with one another. A party’s effort to protect a child from abuse by another party is not evidence of unwillingness or inability to cooperate with that party.
(14) The history of drug or alcohol abuse of a party or member of a party’s household.
(15) The mental and physical condition of a party or member of a party’s household.
(16) Any other relevant factor.
It is important to understand that all decisions are made with the child’s best interests in mind. Either parent can petition the court for a child custody modification if an appropriate situation arises. Once the petition is filed, both parents meet and present their case to the judge, who will then decide whether the custody arrangement should be modified.